Saying Durood shareef as much as possible is an essential part of Islam, Hubb-e-Nabavi affection for the Prophet Muhammad-ur- Rasoolal- Laah (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) is the soul of true Islam.
We have been told by Muhammad-ur- Rasool al- Laah [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam]
[Sal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaieh Wa Sal-lam] that Durood Shareef is itself Light and when Light enters the soul every aspiration is achieved and every goal is won.
Excerpt from Islam the Glorious religion
EXCELLENCES OF "DUROOD SHAREEF"
There are countless "Ahaadees" (Prophetic sayings) in respect of "Durood Shareef (invocation of Allaah's blessings on the Holy Prophet) and the Holy Quran says: "Innal Laaha wa Malaa-ikatahoo Yu-Salloona 'Alan Nabeiy. Yaaa Aieyuhal Lazeena Aamanoo Salloo 'Alaiehi wa Sallimoo Tasleemaa". (Undoubtedly, Allaah and His Angels shower blessings on this Communicator of unseen news (Prophet). O' you believers! invoke on him blessings profusely and salute him in the best way). This Quranic verse clearly and concisely states: Durood Shareef is greater than all Divine commands and injunctions, for, no other command carries the wording of "Allaah and His Angels do it and you also do so" than Durood Shareef. All Angels sans any exception send benedictions and blessings upon him. This command addresses only to the believers. This command of Allaah Almighty is absolute one without any exemption or exclusion that it should be recited at such and such time and should not be recited at so and so time. Whatever time Durood Shareef is recited it will be deemed to have been done in compliance to the said command. Every time the believer recites Durood Shareef he will earn the reward of obligatory act (Fard,Farz), as this Divine command embraces all other commands. The more he recites it the more he gains the reward of Fard act. For instance, the recitation of only one Quranic verse is obligatory in one Rak'at of a prayer but if the whole Quran is recited therein it will still come under Fard and the believer will earn the reward accordingly. "Faqra-oo Maa Ta-yassara Minal Qur-aan" (recite from the Quran as much as is easy for you) is applicable to all this. Complete Durood Shareef is only that one which contains "Salaat-o-Salaam" i.e. 'Durood and Salaam (blessing, benediction and peace, salutation) as the Quranic verse stresses on the recitation of both Durood and Salaam. The Holy Quran has not fixed any "Seeghah" (a particular form of words) for Durood Shareef. So the recitation of every that "Seeghah" is lawful which combines Durood and Salaam. The Quranic verse has not fixed,determined any form, gathering or sitting for the recitation of Durood Shareef. So it can be recited in sitting or standing posture, in privacy or in public or with public i.e. in chorus and in low voice or aloud which is a lawful, commendable and praiseworthy act in Shari'ah. The recitation of "Salaat-o-Salaam" by the lovers and votaries of the Holy Prophet in "Meelaad" programs,gatherings standing in chorus is also in deference to this absolute command. To deny or oppose it is tantamount to creating new Shari'ah.
The Meaning of Durood Shareef
"Durood Shareef is an especial honor which Allaah Almighty has bestowed upon the Holy Prophet, Saiy-yidinaa Muhammad (may Allaah's choicest blessings & peace be upon him). The religious scholars define "Al-Laa-humma Sallay 'Alaa Muhammad" as: O'Allaah! grant dignity to (Saiy-yidinaa) Muhammad by making his religion overwhelming, his preaching,teachings dominant and his Shari'ah ever-thriving and ever-lasting in this world and by accepting his primacy over all (the past and future communities,nations), exalting him over Apostles, Messengers, Prophets, Angels and all creatures and by making him stand on "Maqaam-e-Mahmood" (a praise-worthy station reserved only for the Holy Prophet [Sal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaieh Wa Sal-lam) in the next world.
Philosophy Behind Durood Shareef A. Every Muslim knows that he has been provided with the treasure of "Eimaan" and "Irfaan" (Islamic faith and knowledge,wisdom). The mankind was groping about in the dark of ignorance and steeped in barbarism. The Holy Prophet enlightened him with knowledge and equipped with humanely qualities i.e. good conduct and beautiful manners. This favor and kindness of his demand of us to be beholden to him, to love him and keep praying to Allaah Almighty for his exaltation. This objective can be easily achieved by reciting "Durood Shareef (invoking Allaah's blessings on the Holy Prophet) which can be recited in all conditions and all time. The reciter of Durood Shareef actually implores Allaah Almighty: ". O' Allaah! I am unable to thank Your beloved Prophet for his great favors to me. You may send Your infinite blessings on him on my behalf in this world and the world hereafter and grant him Your "Taqarrub" (nearness,proximity) more than all other prominent ones.
The believer who recites Durood Shareef in fact humbles himself before Allaah, the Beneficent, that he is unable to send "Salaat" (benedictions,blessings) on His Darling Elect (Saiy-yidinaa Muhammad, may Allaah's choicest blessings & peace be upon him) befitting his dignity and that He (Allaah) may send "Salaat" on the Holy Prophet on his behalf and also bless him by dint of His Beloved Prophet.
Occasion in which recitation of Durood Shareef is"Fard" and on which is "Waajib"
Recitation of Durood Shareef once in whole life is obligatory (Fard) and on each mentioning and hearing of the Blessed name of the Holy Prophet in a sitting, gathering is essential (Waajib). For example, if the Holy Prophet's name is mentioned or heard in a sitting,gathering a hundred times then Durood Shareef should be recited every time. However, it is permissible to recite Durood Shareef later if one mentioned or heard the blessed name of the Holy Prophet and could not recite Durood Shareef the very time.
The occasion at which time is recitation of Durood Shareef "Mustahab" It is "Mustahab" (commendable act) to invoke Allaah's blessings on the Holy Prophet (recitation of Durood Shareef) as profusely as one can. Undoubtedly, one can not gain so many blessings and benefits from Du'aa for oneself as he earns by reciting Durood Shareef. Invocation of Allah's blessings on the Holy Prophet is, no doubt, a Du'aa for the Holy Prophet but actually it is for his whole Ummah because every believer is spiritually attached to him. It is no denying the fact that one talks frequently about and speaks high of his ideal. The Holy Prophet is the ideal of ideal ones. So his "Zikr" (renown,praise) should surpass all others' Zikr i.e. Allaah's benedictions and blessings should be invoked on him extensively. The religious scholars have described the recitation of Durood Shareef on the following occasions: On Jumu'ah day, at Jumu'ah night, in the morning, evening (night) when entering a mosque, stepping out of mosque, on visiting the sacred shrine of the Holy Prophet, on "Safaa" and "Marwah" hills (in holy Makkah), in sermon (for Imaam only), after responding to "Azaan", on meeting and separating from each other,one another, in the beginning and end of a sitting,gathering, during performance of ablution, when one forgets something, on delivering religious lecture (Wa'z), at the outset of learning,reading and teaching particularly "Ahaadees Shareef (Prophetic sayings) should be preceded and followed by Durood Shareef, on writing a question or "Fatvaa" (religious verdict), on writing a book, at the time of 'Nikaah" (marriage) and engagement and when starting or undertaking a big or important work.
Respect that should be accorded when reciting the Durood Shareef
said: “Without doubt, there is an Angel of Almighty Allaah whom Allaah Kareem has given power to listen to the voices of all the people. Whenever any person reads the Durood Shareef, this Angel delivers the Durood Shareef to me. I then plead to Almighty Allaah for the person to receive ten blessings for reading a single Durood Shareef”. (Jami’us Sagheer)
The Etiquettes of Reading the Salawat …the Durood Shareef.
The place where the Durood Shareef is to be read should be clean.
It is preferable to face Madinatul Munawwarah.
It is more superior to be in a state of ablution [Wudhu] while reciting the Durood Shareef.
The clothes of the reciter should be clean and free from all impurity.
The reciter should try and understand the meaning of the Durood Shareef.
It should be read with utmost humility and respect.
It is better to sit in the Tashahudd position as you would sit when in Salaah and recite the Durood Shareef with concentration and the respect due to it.
If possible, one should have sweet fragrance around the place.
The person should not be involved in worldly talks.
The closest to me on the Day of judgement will be the one who recited the most Durood Shareef upon me in the world.
Saying of Prophet MUHAMMAD [Sal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaieh Wa Sal-lam]
Brief Durood Shareef : excerpt from "Auraaid e Mashaaikh" ִSal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaieh Wa Sal-lam
By reading this Durood Shareef in abundance the delicacies of heart begins. The way to read is this, that while reading this turn your face in the direction of Rauza-e-Rasool (ִSal -lal-Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sal-lam) think in your heart that you are present at Roza-e-Aqdaas of Rasool Al-Laah (ִSal -lal-Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sal-lam). And the grace and bounty from AL-Laah Kareem Jal-laa Shaanahu is coming to the blessed heart of Rasool-e-Kareem (ִSal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sal-lam). And from the Sacred heart of Rasool-e-Kareem (ִSal-lal-Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sal-lam) it is pouring like water on your heart. (This Durood Shareef may be read by doing Neeyat in your heart).
By reading this Durood Shareef, the excursion to the highest status of Lataif-e-Aqfa is begun.
For worldly and religious needs read this Durood Shareef abundantly :
Hazrat Jibraeel [Alaiehi Salaam] once came to Prophet Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم and said "Allaah Almighty has given me the knowledge to count every leaf on earth, every fish in the sea, every star in the sky and every particle of sand on earth, but there's only one thing I cant count." Prophet Muhammad [Peace be upon him] asked "What is it?", Hazrat Jibraeel [Alaiehi Salaam] replied, "When one of Your Ummati [follower] recites Durood or Salaams to You صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم , the blessings Allaah Almighty showers upon him become impossible for me to count. " Sub haan Allaah "
Sayyiduna Abu Dardah ( Razi Allaahu Ta'ala Anhu ) reported: the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaiehi Wasallam) said, "Whoever recites durood on Me in the morning ten times and in the evening ten times, for him shall be My intercession on the day of Qiyamah."
"By Him in whose Hands My life is, none of you will have faith till he loves Me more than his father and children."
Wa Yash fi ִS udoora Qaumim-Mu’mineen. Wa
Shifaa’ul-limaa Fiִs –ִS udoor. Yakh ruju Mim Bu ִt oo nihaa Sharaa bum-Mukh talifun Al waanuhu Feehi Shifaa’un
Lin-Naas. Wa Nu naz-Zilu Minal Qur’aani Maa Huwa Shifaa’uńw-Wa Raִh matun Lil Mu’mineen. Wa Iִz aa Marid tu Fa huwa Yash feen. Qul Huwa Lil-Laִz eena Aamanoo Hudańw-Wa Shifaa.
Al-Laahum-ma Rab-ban Naasi Muִz hibal Ba’si Ishfi
Antash-Shaafee Laa Shaafi ya Il-laa Anta Shifaa’al-Laa
Yu Ghaa diru Saqama.
ִS al-lal-Laahu ‘Alan-Nabiy-yil Um-miy-yi Wa Aalihi
The Prophet [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam] was asked by Hazrat Umar bin Kaab [Radhi Allaahu anhu]: "Yaa Rasoolal- Laah, I say excessive salawa'ats on you. After all my compulsory prayers, how much should I devote on salawa'ats?" He (Peace & Blessings of Allaah Kareem be upon him) said : "As you wish".Hazrat Umar : "One fourth?" He said: "As you wish but if you increase, it is better for you." Hazrat Umar [ Radhi Allaahu anhu]: "Half?" He (Peace & Blessings of Allaah Almighty be upon him) said : "As you wish but if you increase, it is better for you." Umar [Radhi Allaahu anhu]: "Two third?" He said : "As you wish but if you increase, it is better for you." Hazrat Umar [ Radhi Allaahu anhu]: : "I will spend all my excessive time reciting salawaats!" He (Peace & Blessings of Allaah Kareem be upon him) said : "In that case, you will be freed from cares and your sins will be forgiven."
ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA MUHAMMADIW WA ALA AALI MUHAMMADIN KAMAA SALLAITA ALA IBRAHEEMA WA ALA AALI IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMIDUM MAJID. ALLAHUMMA BAARIK ALA MUHAMMADIW WA ALA AALI MUHAMMADIN KAMAA BAARAKTA ALA IBRAHEEMA WA ALA AALI IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMIDUM MAJID.
"O Allaah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibraheem and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allaah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibraheem and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious".
The famous companion of the Prophet [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam], Hadrat Ka'ab bin Ujrah (radi Allahu anhu), narrates that once it was inquired from Rasoolullaah [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam] as to how blessings should be sent to him. The Prophet [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam] replied that the blessings be said in the manner (it has been mentioned) above, that is, Durood-e-Ibraheemi.
ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA SALAWATAN KAMILATAW WA SALLIM SALAAMAN TAAAMAN ALA SAYYIDINA MUHAMMADINIL LAZI TANHALLU BIHIL UQADU WATAN FARIJU BIHIL KURABU WA TUQDA BIHIL HAWA IJU WA TUNAALU BIHIR RAGHAAA'IBU WAHUSNUL KHAWATIMI WA USTASQAAYAL GHAMAMU BIWAJHIHIL KAREEMI WA ALAAA A'LIHI WASAHBIHI FI KULLI LAMHATIW WA NAFSIN BI ADADA KULLI MA'LUMIL LAKA YAAA ALLAHU YAAA ALLAHU YAAA ALLAAHU.
"O Allaah! Every moment and in every breath, bestow complete and the best blessings and perfect peace which is endless on Muhammad, our master, and on his descendants and his Companions, and may, for His Sake, all our troubles and tortures be over, calamities ended, and all our needs fulfilled, all our cherished desires attained, and good ends vouch-saved, and clouds are laden with water through the glorious countenance of Prophet. The perfect blessings and peace on the Prophet's House, his Family and his Companions every instance in number equal to the count of all things in Thy Knowledge".
Durood-e-Chistiyah Al-Laahum-ma ִS al-li Wa Sal-lim ‘Alaa Saiy-yidinaa Muִhammadińw-Wa ‘Alaa Aali Saiy-yidinaa Muִh ammadin Bi ‘Adadi Kul-li Ma‘loomil-Laka.
The great scholar, saint and author Imam Ibne-Faikihani (May Allaah be pleased with him) said, “There was once a pious man named Shaeikh Moosa Zurair (May Allaah be pleased with him) who embarked on a voyage by ship. During the voyage the ship started sinking due to a heavy storm. While all the other passengers on board cried in fear, Shaeikh Moosa Zurair (May Allaah be pleased with him) went to sleep. In his dreams he saw the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) who instructed him to recite Durood-e-Tunaj-jeena 1000 time with the other passengers. Shaeikh Moosa Zurair (May Allaah be pleased with him) awoke and and started the recitation. As soon as he completed reading it 300 times, the storm subsided and the ship was saved. Other ships sank during the storm but but this ship reached its destination safe and sound. This miracle was a blessing for the passengers aboard the ship. It was by the Grace of Almighty Allaah and the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) they were all saved by reading of Durood-e-Tunaj-jeena.” All saints have unanimously given the verdict that Durood-e-Tunaj-jeena is the best cure of all ills and calamities in this world. This Durood is recommended during days of distress, hardship and adversity and it is advised to read at least 70 times a day to alleviate problems and difficulties.
ALLAAHUM-MA SALLI ‘ALAA SAIYYIDINAA MUHAMMADINW WA ‘ALAA AALI SAIYYIDINAA MUHAMMADIN SALAATAN TUNAJJEENAA BIHAA MIN JAMEE’IL AHWAALI
WAL AAFAATI WA TAQDEE LANAA BIHAA JAMEE’IL HAAJAATI WA TUTAHHIRUNAA BIHAA MIN JAMEE’IS-SAIYYI’AATI WA TARFA’UNAA BIHAA
‘INDAKA A’LAD-DARAJAATI WA TUBALLIGHUNAA BIHAA AQSAL GHAAYAATI MIN JAMEE’IL KHAIERAATI FIL HAYAATI WA BA’DAL MAMAATI
IN-NAKA ‘ALAA KULLI SHAIE’IN QADEER
Translation: “O Allaah! On our master and leader Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and his family shower such blessings and mercy that by whose means all our pain, fears and calamities are relieved. And by its blessing grant all our desires and by its bounty we are cleaned and purified of all our sins. And by its mediation grant us a high position and rank in Your Presence. And by its means allow us to attain the utmost limit of all good deeds in our lifetime and all the goodness in the afterlife. O Allaah! You has the full power over everything.”
Durood e Shafee Durood Shafee is recommended for reading because it used to be recited by Hazrat Imaam Shafee (May Allaah Almighty be Pleased with him). Consistent reading of this Durood Shareef can lead to prosperity and success in this life and the Afterlife.
O’Allaah shower blessings upon the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and his children whenever he is remembered by those who remember him and shower blessings upon Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and his family whenever he is not remembered by the negligent and grant him peace constantly in abundance. ALLAAH HUMMAA SALLAY ALAA MUHAMMADIN KULAA MAA ZA KA RA HO-ZAA KE ROONA WA KULLAA MAA GA-FA-LA ‘AN ZIK-RE-HIL GHA FI LUUN
Durood e Qur'aani Durood Qur'aani can benefi t us by providing us the equivalent of ONE QURAAN’S SAWAAB by reading it after every prayer.
O’Allaah send your blessings and peace upon the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) our master and on his children and his companions in the amount equal to the total letters in the Qur'aan and let each letter carry thousands of blessings with it. ALLAAH HUMMA SALLAY WASSALLIM A'LA SAI-YI-DI-NA MUHAMMADIWWA A'LA AALAY-HE WA AS HA BI HI BE-ADADI MAAFI JA-MEE-IL QUR'AANNI HARFAN HARFAN WA BE A-DA-DE KUL-LE HARFIN ALFAN ALFA.
Durood e Alee Durood e Alee was regularly read by Hazrat Alee Al-Murtaza (Peace be upon him) and is recommended because we can gain the sawaab equivalent to the maximum reward for just one Durood read.
O’Allaah bestow blessings and your bounty upon your Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and on his wives who are the mothers of the faithful and on his descendants and on the members of his household in the manner as Thou sent blessings upon Prophet Ibraaheem [Alaiehis Salaam], verily Thou art the Praiseworthy and the Glorious.
ALLAAH HUMMA AJ-AL SA-LA-WAA-TI-KA WA-BA-RA-KAATI- KA ALA MUHAMMADI-NIN-NABIY-YI WA AZ WA JI HI UMMA HA TIL MU’MI-NI- NA WA ZUR-RIYYA-TI-HI WA AHLI BAI-TI-HI KAMA SALLAI TA ALAA IBRAAHEEMA INNAKA HAMEEDUM MAJEED.
Durood e Noor Durood e Noor is constantly read by the very pious and is regarded as the best Durood Shareef by such individuals and therefore is recommended for its excellence.
O’Allaah shower Thy Blessings upon our Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) who is light, actual light and the mystery amongst the mysteries and the leader of excellents. ALLAAH HUMMA SALLAY ALAA SAI-YI-DI-NA MUHAMMADIN NOO-RIL ANWAARI WAS-SIRRIL AS-RAR-E WA SAI-YI-DIL ABRAR.
Wal-Laahu ‘Aaִs imuhu Wa Jibreelu Khadi muhu Wal Buraa qu Mar kabuhu Wal Mi‘raaju Safaruhu Wa Sidratul Muntahaa Muqaa muhu Wa Qaaba Qausaeni Maִtloo buhu Wal Maִtloobu Maqִ s ooduhu Wal Maqִs oodu Maujuduhu, Saiy-yidil Mursaleena Khatamin-Nabeey-yeenaa Shafee‘il Muzni beena Aneesil Gharee beena Raִh matil-Lil ‘Aalameena Raaִh atil ‘Aashi qeena Muraadil Mushtaa qeena Shamsil ‘Aari feena Siraajis-Saali keena Miִ s baa ִh il Muqar-rabeena Muִh ib-bil Fuqaraa’i Wal Ghurabaa’i Wal Yataamaa Wal Masaakeen. Saiy-yidiֵs-ֵSaqa laieni Nabeey-Yil ִH aramaeni Imaamil Qibla taieni Wa Seela tinaa Fid- Daaraieni ִS aaִh ibi Qaaba Qausaieni Maִh boobi Rab-bil Mashri qaieni Wal Magribaieni Jad-dil ִH asani Wal ִH usaieni Maulaanaa Wa Maulaֵs-ֵsaqalaieni Abil Qaasimi Saiy-yidinaa Wa ִH abeebinaa Muִ h ammadin Ibn-e-‘Abdil-Laah Noorim-Min-Nooril-Laah, Yaa Aaiey-yuhal Mush taaqoona Binoori Jamaalihi Balaghal ‘ulaa Bi kamaalihi
Kasha fad-Dujaa Bi Jamaalihi
ִHasunat Ja mee‘u Khiִsaalihi ִS al-loo ‘Alaiehi Wa Aalihi, Wa Aִs ִh aa bihi Wa Sal-limoo Tasleemaa.
Translation: O Allaah Kareem, send blessings and Peace upon our Master our Beloved Prophet Muhammad, The Owner of the Crown and the Ascent and the Buraq and the Standard, The Repeller of Affliction and Disease and Drought and Illness and Pain. His name is written on high, served and engraved in the Tablet and the Pen, The Leader of All, Arabs and non-Arabs, Whose body is sanctified, fragrant, and pure, Illumined in the House and the Haram, The Sun of Brightness, the Full Moon in Darkness, The Foremost One in the Highest Fields, the Light of Guidance, The Cave of Refuge for Mortals, the Lamp That Dispels the Night, The Best-Natured One, The Intercessor of Nations, The Owner of Munificence and Generosity. Allaah Kareem is his Protector, Jibraeel [Alaiehis Salaam] is his servant.
The Buraaq is his mount, the Ascent is his voyage, The Lote-Tree of the Furthermost Boundary is his station, Two Bow-Lengths or Nearer is his desire, His desire is his goal, and he has found his goal, The Master of the Messengers, the Seal of the Prophets, The intercessor of sinners, the friend of the strangers, The Mercy for the Worlds, The rest of those who burn with love, the goal of those who yearn, The sun of knowers, the lamp of travellers, The light of Those Brought Near, The friend of the poor and destitute,
The master of Humans and Jinn, The Prophet of the Two Sanctuaries, The Imaam of the Two Qiblas, Our Means in the Two Abodes, The Owner of Qaba Qawsaayn, The Beloved of the Lord of the Two Easts and the Two Wests, The grandfather of al-Hasan and al-Husayn, Our patron and the patron of Humans and Jinn: Abu al-Qasim MUHAMMAD Son of `Abd Allaah, A light from the light of Allaah Almighty. O you who yearn for the light of his beauty, Send blessings and utmost greetings of peace Upon him and upon his Family.